Methods for haplotyping genomic DNA

US Patent No: 
Issue Date: 
July 5, 2011

Effie W. Petersdorf, Zhen Guo, Leroy Hood


The present invention provides a novel method for specifically isolating and separating large segments of genomic DNA that can subsequently be used to determine a genomic haplotype. The invention relies on using a solid phase having a flat surface arrayed with oligonucleotides designed to specifically hybridize to each particular haplotype of an individual sample, e.g., oligonucleotides designed to specifically hybridize with each of the two HLA-B haplotypes, HLA-A, HLA-C, HLA-DR, HLA-DQ, and the like. The genomic DNA is contacted and hybridized to the arrayed oligonucleotides to form a genomic DNA/oligonucleotide complex. The excess genomic DNA is washed away and the haplotype separated genomic DNA is denatured from the oligonucleotide probe and collected. The method of the present invention allows for the separation of genomic DNA fragments of between approximately 2 to about 4 megabases (Mb). Separation of the haplotypes of large genomic DNA fragments allows for linkage analysis of other HLA alleles and polymorphisms, microsatellite, SNPs, and the like across a large span of the HLA region, including HLA-A, -B, -C, and HLA-DRB1 regions. This linkage analysis is particularly useful when HLA typing for an individual with limited family HLA typing available.

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